# Source code for tryalgo.kuhn_munkres

```
#!/usr/bin/env python3
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""\
Maximum profit bipartite matching by Kuhn-Munkres
jill-jenn vie, christoph durr and samuel tardieu - 2014-2019
primal LP
max sum_{u,v} w[u,v] * x[u,v]
such that
for all u in U: sum_v x[u,v] == 1 (l[u])
for all v in V: sum_u x[u,v] <= 1 (l[v])
for all u,v: x[u,v] >= 0
dual LP
min sum_u l[u] + sum_v l[v]
such that
for all u,v: l[u] + l[v] >= w[u,v] (*)
for all u in U: l[u] is arbitrary (free variable)
for all v in V: l[v] >= 0
primal-dual algorithm:
Start with trivial solution l for dual and with trivial
non-solution x for primal.
Iteratively improve primal or dual solution, maintaining complementary
slackness conditions.
"""
# snip{
# pylint: disable=too-many-locals, too-many-branches
[docs]
def kuhn_munkres(G, TOLERANCE=1e-6):
"""Maximum profit bipartite matching by Kuhn-Munkres
:param G: weight matrix where G[u][v] is the weight of edge (u,v),
:param TOLERANCE: a value with absolute value below tolerance
is considered as being zero.
If G consists of integer or fractional values
then TOLERANCE can be chosen 0.
:requires: graph (U,V,E) is complete bi-partite graph with len(U) <= len(V)
float('-inf') or float('inf') entries in G
are allowed but not None.
:returns: matching table from U to V, value of matching
:complexity: :math:`O(|U|^2 |V|)`
"""
nU = len(G)
U = range(nU)
nV = len(G[0])
V = range(nV)
assert nU <= nV
mu = [None] * nU # empty matching
mv = [None] * nV
lu = [max(row) for row in G] # trivial labels
lv = [0] * nV
for root in U: # build an alternate tree
au = [False] * nU # au, av mark nodes...
au[root] = True # ... covered by the tree
Av = [None] * nV # Av[v] successor of v in the tree
# for every vertex u, slack[u] := (val, v) such that
# val is the smallest slack on the constraints (*)
# with fixed u and v being the corresponding vertex
slack = [(lu[root] + lv[v] - G[root][v], root) for v in V]
while True:
(delta, u), v = min((slack[v], v) for v in V if Av[v] is None)
assert au[u]
if delta > TOLERANCE: # tree is full
for u0 in U: # improve labels
if au[u0]:
lu[u0] -= delta
for v0 in V:
if Av[v0] is not None:
lv[v0] += delta
else:
(val, arg) = slack[v0]
slack[v0] = (val - delta, arg)
assert abs(lu[u] + lv[v] - G[u][v]) <= TOLERANCE # equality
Av[v] = u # add (u, v) to A
if mv[v] is None:
break # alternating path found
u1 = mv[v]
assert not au[u1]
au[u1] = True # add (u1, v) to A
for v1 in V:
if Av[v1] is None: # update margins
alt = (lu[u1] + lv[v1] - G[u1][v1], u1)
if slack[v1] > alt:
slack[v1] = alt
while v is not None: # ... alternating path found
u = Av[v] # along path to root
prec = mu[u]
mv[v] = u # augment matching
mu[u] = v
v = prec
return (mu, sum(lu) + sum(lv))
# snip}
```